A science embedded in culture
B. B. Vishnu discusses the myths and facts of India. Some of the dates have been revised since this video was made. The Harrappan civilisation existed before 6000 BC and the Rig Veda as old if not older. Characters like Rama and Krishna who were thought to have been mythological characters have been proved to be actual people who lived some 5000 years ago.
Theory has the ancient port city of Dwarka as being built/ occupied about 1600BC, however some think that it was submerged at the end of the last ice age when ocean levels rose. Much of history as has been learned in the West attributes a great deal to the Arabs, however it has since been proven that this knowledge was taken from India as Islam spread.
Not everyone agrees that Hinduism is a religion, many see it as a way of living (called Sanatana Dharma) in accord with nature so that humanity may come to realise the true nature of existence. It is only because of this that so many became enlightened and the sciences flourished in India while Europeans were little more than hunter gatherers.
“Two completely opposed mythologies of the destiny and virtue of man, therefore, have come together in the modern world. And they are contributing in discord to whatever new society may be in the process of formation. For, of the tree that grows in the garden where God walks in the cool of the day, the wise men westward of Iran have partaken of the fruit of the knowledge of good and evil, whereas those on the other side of that cultural divide, in India and the Far East, have relished only the fruit of eternal life.
However, the two limbs, we are informed, come together in the center of the garden, where they form a single tree at the base, branching out when they reach a certain height. Likewise, the two mythologies spring from one base in the Near East. And if man should taste of both fruits he would become, we have been told, as God himself (Genesis 3:22) — which is the boon that the meeting of East and West today is offering to us all.”
Joseph Campbell, The Masks of God, Vol. II: Oriental Mythology
Hinduism or Sanatana Dharma is the ground for living a life that is conducive to developing human consciousness, but this is a very individual pursuit which requires a stable outer life. Dharma is essentially nonviolent and results in a harmonious society. It's about protecting and nurturing what you love, it's also knowing what you love and the nature of existence is encoded within Vedanta but available to all who meditate.
Western civilisation has gone down the path of conquest, separation, deprivation and scarcity which is destructive for all life on earth whereas Hindu civilisation is about inclusion and abundance using technology that is compatible with planetary life.