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Aristotle

Aristotle was an Ancient Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the not Great

aristotle

Aristotle
384 BC – 322 BC

He was born in 384 B.C. in the town of stagira, in north east of Greece. Aristotle’s father was wealthy, a physician and friend of Macedonian king and Alexanders grandfather Amyntas. Aristotle spend most of money to buy manuscripts and he turned his house into a library. Hence Plato called Aristotle’s house “the house of the reader”.

His study inspired contemplation and thought about life and his writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theatre, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology.

Together with Plato and Socrates (Plato's teacher), Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy. Aristotle's writings were the first to create a comprehensive system of philosophy, encompassing morality, aesthetics, logic, science, politics, and metaphysics.

Aristotle's views on the physical sciences profoundly shaped medieval scholarship, and their influence extended well into the Renaissance, although they were ultimately replaced by Newtonian physics. In the zoological sciences, some of his observations were confirmed to be accurate only in the 19th century. His works contain the earliest known formal study of logic, which was incorporated in the late 19th century into modern formal logic. In metaphysics, Aristotelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the Middle Ages, and it continues to influence Christian theology, especially the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church. Aristotle was well known among medieval Muslim intellectuals and revered as المعلم الأول - "The First Teacher". His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics. All aspects of Aristotle's philosophy continue to be the object of active academic study today. Though Aristotle wrote many elegant treatises and dialogues (Cicero described his literary style as "a river of gold"),  it is thought that the majority of his writings are now lost and only about one-third of the original works have survived.

References
Antryump
Wikipedia
Books by and about Aristotle

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