Pre-dating Christianity and helping shape the new faith

Gnosticism was a major and essentially Christian religion before, during and in the few hundred years after Christ. In the few hundred years before Christ, there was a flourish of new thought and ideas which followed the Greek conquests and the flood of new knowledge. Many Christian ideals were already being discussed and practised by Gnostic groups who believed that:

“From one eternal Monad all existence has flowed, and to this it strives to return. But the finite spirits who rule over several portions of the world counteract this universal striving after unity. From them the different popular religions, and in particular the Jewish, have proceeded. Perfection is attained by those souls

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Gospel of Philip

At a time when people did not have surnames

Like the other old manuscripts, this has lines missing and words indecipherable due to the documents age and damage signified as […].

Translated by Wesley W. Isenberg

A Hebrew makes another Hebrew, and such a person is called “proselyte”. But a proselyte does not make another proselyte. […] just as they […] and make others like themselves, while others simply exist.

The slave seeks only to be free, but he does not hope to acquire the estate of his master. But the son is not only a son but lays claim to the inheritance of the father. Those who are heirs to the dead are themselves dead, and they inherit the

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Gospel of Mary

One of the most comon femal names of the period

The Gospel of Mary is found in the Berlin Gnostic Codex (or Papyrus Berolinensis 8502, as this ancient collection of Gnostic texts is labelled for archival reasons). This very important and well-preserved codex was apparently discovered in the late-nineteenth century somewhere near Akhmim in upper Egypt. It was purchased in 1896 by a German scholar, Dr. Carl Reinhardt, in Cairo and then taken to Berlin.

Chapter 4

(Pages 1 to 6 of the manuscript, containing chapters 1 – 3, are lost. The extant text starts on page 7…)

. . . Will matter then be destroyed or not?

22) The Saviour said, All nature, all formations, all creatures exist in

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Jesus Wife

Marriage was normal for all men of the time

A Harvard researcher Karen L. King says an ancient papyrus fragment from the fourth century when translated indicates that Jesus was married.

Translated the text says, “Jesus said to them, ‘my wife’ with another reference to ‘her being my disciple’ as part of a conversation between Jesus and his disciples. In the conversation, Jesus talks about his mother twice and speaks once about his wife. One of them is identified as “Mary.” His disciples discuss whether Mary is worthy of being part of their community, to which Jesus replies, “she will able to be my disciple.”

The Coptic text printed on papyrus is only the size of a business card and

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