A region in distress
Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of India and denotes an area that includes the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir (subdivided into Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh). It also includes the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan as well as the Chinese-administered territories of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract.
Historically during the ancient and medieval periods, Kashmir was been an important centre for the development of a Hindu-Buddhist syncretism, in which Madhyamaka and Yogacara were blended with Saivism and Advaita Vedanta. The Buddhist Mauryan emperor Ashoka is often credited with having founded the old capital of Kashmir, Shrinagari, now ruins on the outskirts of modern Srinagar. Kashmir was long to be a stronghold of Buddhism.
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