Intelligence in paradise
A cleansing ceremony at Sebatu, Bali
Bali is an island (state) of Indonesia and one of the worlds most popular tourist destinations. Yet while Indonesia is a secular country with the biggest Muslim population in the world, the state of Bali is almost exclusively Hindu.
It is generally thought that Buddhism arrived in Indonesia during the reign of Ashoka (269-232 B.C.E.) but there is uncertainty whether Hinduism preceded of followed Buddhism. However, given the widespread influence of Hinduism around the entire world it is most probable that Hinduism was influencing life across the Indonesian archipelago long before Buddhism arrived1.
The ancestors of today’s 4.22 million Balinese Hindus had to flee from other islands of Indonesia after
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Destruction in the name of profits
People are dying not just in the vicinity of the fires, people are dying due to the air pollution across Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The burn off season between March and October is generally worst between August and November, but it happens every year as hundreds of thousands of hectares of land are cleared to make way for new palm oil plantations.
The Indonesians joke that they are the only country to export oil to the Middle East, but the corporate leadership – the people behind the fires do not suffer. They can exist comfortably in their Mediterranean mansions while their staff on the ground and the wider population as far away as
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Palm oil (PO) is the world’s most widely produced and traded vegetable oil
By far the largest argument against palm oil is its rampant spread, deforestation, economic hardship to forest people, and extinction of species
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the fruit of the oil palms, and it is seen by some as a versatile and eco-friendly way to power the world. It’s used in various industries, and it can be found in products ranging from biofuel, cosmetics to processed foods.
Palm oil is composed of fatty acids, esterified with glycerol just like any ordinary fat. It is high in saturated fatty acids. Palm oil gives its name to the 16-carbon saturated fatty acid palmitic
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A land of mysteries
One of the worlds most exotic countries, Indonesia is a tropical archipelago with more than 17,000 islands of which about 6,000 are inhabited. It straddles the equator between the Indian and Pacific Oceans (between mainland Asia and Australia) and is one of the worlds most crowded countries with and estimated population of over 238 million.
There have been some controversial archaeological discoveries in Indonesia from pigmy men dated to more than 70,000 years ago and more recently architecture has been uncovered dating to more than 30,000 BC. In more recent history, about 5000 years ago Indonesia like much of Southeast Asia came under the influence of Hinduism.
Then Buddhism spread across the region. It complemented Hindu
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