The Southern Philippines


Mindanao is the second largest and southernmost major island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three regional island groups in the country (the other two being Luzon and the Visayas), consisting of the island of Mindanao and smaller outlying islands. Davao City is the largest city in Mindanao.

As of the 2010 census, the island’s population itself is 20,281,545 people, while the Mindanao island group has 21,968,174 inhabitants. Davao City is the most populous in Mindanao as 1,632,991 population, and the 2nd is Zamboanga City as 861,799 population, the 3rd is Cagayan de Oro City as 675,950 population, and followed by General Santos City as 594,446 population as of 2015 census.

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Travel with care

Mindanao is the only area of the Philippines with a significant Muslim presence. Due to widespread poverty and religious differences, the island has been the site of a separatist movement by the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). Fighting between MILF and Philippine forces has displaced over 100,000 people.

Consider your safety:

Davao city is reasonably safe as the former mayor and now Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte cleaned up the city.

Unless travelling with indigenous friends and family, visitors are strongly advised not to travel to Eastern, central and western Mindanao, including the Zamboanga Peninsula and Sulu Archipelago, due to the very high threat of kidnapping, violent crime, violent clashes between armed groups and the Philippine

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