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China

歡迎 Huān Yíng

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Ancient China

The most populous country in the world, published 2014 updated June 2018.

China is one of the worlds oldest civilizations with a history extending back over 5000 years. Over this period, China has gone from feudal states to a modern progressive country, yet some people still live almost as they did thousands of years ago.

As a visitor you will find everything imaginable from the most dire poverty to the greatest riches, but the major highlights for most travellers are the bright lights and cosmopolitan cities of Hong Kong, Guangdong (formerly Canton) and Shanghai.

While Beijing is the capital and is the closest city to the 'Great Wall', it's not the most popular destination due its the high levels of pollution caused by industry and vehicles. If you plan to visit Beijing, especially in winter when air pollution is at its peak, you may want to pack some surgical face masks.

The Longmen Caves

One of the finest examples of early Chinese Buddhist art is located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) south of present-day Luòyáng in Hénán province.  After being closed for closed over 60 years ago for conservation purposes, the largest cave of the Longmen Grottoes re-opened in 2016. Visitors can closely examine the 29 life-size statues of arhats carved about 1,500 years ago.

話 Huà - Language

Chinese is the worlds most widely spoken language in the world and it has been an official language of the United Nations since the founding of the organization in 1945 and now that China has joined the super powers, the ability to speak Chinese is a great advantage for any business person or traveller to China.

The Chinese language opens many doors in the mind and offers great insight into the development of the Chinese culture. Here we list some common words and phrases to help you get started:

Words零食
Transcription: líng shí
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: snack
闲话
Transcription: xián huà
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: gossip
租界
Transcription: zū jiè
Part of speech: Noun
Meaning: foreign concession

春节
Transcription:: chūn jié
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: Spring Festival

粤语
Transcription:: yuè yǔ
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: Cantonese.

客家
Transcription:: kè jiā
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: Hakka.

金元宝
Transcription:: jīn yuán bǎo
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: Chinese Ancient Gold Nugget.

压岁钱
Transcription:: yā suì qián
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: Sui Suppressing Money.

元宵节
Transcription:: yuán xiāo jié
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: Lantern Festival 谜语
Transcription:: mí yǔ
Part of Speech: Noun
Meaning: riddle
Phrases远亲不如近邻
Transcription: yuǎn qīn bù rú jìn lín
Meaning: good neighbors are more helpful than far away relatives
Topic: proverb.
踩高跷
Transcription: cǎi gāo qiāo
Meaning: walking on stilts
Topic: custom.
划旱船
Transcription: : huá hàn chuán
Meaning: a land boat dance
Topic: custom.

过年好
Transcription: guò nián hǎo
Meaning: happy Chinese New Year
Topic: greeting to all.

春节快乐
Transcription: chūn jié kuài lè
Meaning: happy Chinese New Year
Topic: greeting to all.

恭贺新禧
Transcription: gōng hè xīn xǐ
Meaning: happy Chinese New Year
Topic: greeting to all.

恭喜发财
Transcription: gōng xǐ fā cái
Meaning: congratulations for getting rich
Topic: greeting to businessman

学有所成
Transcription: xué yǒu suǒ chéng
Meaning: harvest your studies
Topic: greeting to student.

The Foundations of China

"The name China is of Hindu origin and came to us from India."

"M. de Guigues says that Magadha was known to the Chinese by the name Mo-kiato, and its capital was recognized by both its Hindu name Kusumpura, for which the Chinese wrote Kia-so-mo-pon-lo and Pataliputra, out of which they made Patoli-tse by translating putra, which means son in Sanskrit, into their own corresponding word, tse. Such translation of names has thrown a Veil of obscurity over many a name of Hindu origin. Hindu geography has suffered a great loss."

(source: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Volume. V).

Lin Yutang (1895-1976) author of The Wisdom of China and India:

"The contact with poets, forest saints and the best wits of the land, the glimpse into the first awakening of Ancient India's mind as it searched, at times childishly and naively, at times with a deep intuition, but at all times earnestly and passionately, for the spiritual truths and the meaning of existence - this experience must be highly stimulating to anyone, particularly because the Hindu culture is so different and therefore so much to offer." Not until we see the richness of the Hindu mind and its essential spirituality can we understand India...."

"India was China's teacher in religion and imaginative literature, and the world's teacher in trignometry, quandratic equations, grammar, phonetics, Arabian Nights, animal fables, chess, as well as in philosophy, and that she inspired Boccaccio, Goethe, Herder, Schopenhauer, Emerson, and probably also old Aesop."

(source: The Wisdom of China and India - By Lin Yutang p. 3-4).

Sir William Jones (1746-1794) came to India as a judge of the Supreme Court at Calcutta. He pioneered Sanskrit studies. His admiration for Indian thought and culture was almost limitless. He says that the Chinese assert their Hindu origin."

(source: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan; or the Central and Western Rajput States - By James Tod Volume I, p. 35-57).

Amaury de Reincourt (1918 - ) was born in Orleans, France. He received his B.A. from the Sorbonne and his M.A. from the University of Algiers. He is author of several books including The American empire and The Soul of India, he wrote: " The Chinese travelers' description of life in India... reveals great admiration from all concerned for the remarkable civilization displayed under their eyes."

"India sent missionaries, China sending back pilgrims. It is a striking fact that in all relations between the two civilizations, the Chinese were always the recipient and the Indian the donor." "Indian influence prevailed over the Chinese, and for evident reasons: an undoubted cultural superiority owing to much greater philosophic and religious insight, and also to a far more flexible script."

(source: The Soul of India – by Amaury de Riencourt p 141 and 161).

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