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Goddess Anahita

Anahita - The Mother Goddess of Waters in Pre-Islamic Persia and Armenia

Anahita is the Old Persian form of the name of an Iranian goddess and appears in complete and earlier form as Aredvi Sura Anahita (Arədvī Sūrā Anāhitā); the Avestan language name of an Indo-Iranian cosmological figure venerated as the divinity of 'the Waters' (Aban) and hence associated with fertility, healing and wisdom.

Aredvi Sura Anahita is Ardwisur Anahid or Nahid in Middle- and Modern Persian, Anahit or Anaheed in Armenian. Naahid is a common name in modern persia. Also known as Harahvati [Saraswati in India] as Persian pronounce makes S as H like instead of Sindhu they said Hindu ! All people living across Sindhu Darya were called Sindhu people or Hindu People.

Aab is a common Farsi word. Like Punjaab is 5 waters. TezAab is acidic water. In RigVed the waters are referred as Sansrkit - Apas. The Sumerians called primeval waters as Abzu. APO is the Avestan concept of "the waters" Doaab, spit of land lying between two confluent rivers.

All the waters of the world created by Ahura Mazda originate from the source Aredvi Sura Anahita, the life-increasing, herd-increasing, fold-increasing, who makes prosperity for all countries.

As a divinity of the waters (Abaan), the yazata is of Indo-Iranian origin, according to Lommel related to Sanskrit Sarasvati that, like its Proto-Iranian equivalent Harahvati, derives from Indo-Iranian Saraswati. In its old Iranian form Harahvati, "her name was given to the region, rich in rivers, whose modern capital is Delhi (Avestan Haraxvaiti Old Persian Harahuvati-, Greek Arachosia pronounced as Arakosia)." It is derived from the Goddess Sarasvati. "Like the Devi Saraswati, [Aredvi Sura Anahita] nurtures crops and herds; and is hailed both as a divinity and the mythical river that she personifies, as great in bigness as all these waters which flow forth upon the earth!

As a divinity Aredvi Sura Anahita is of enormous significance to the Zoroastrian religion, for as a representative of Aban ("the waters"), she is in effect the divinity towards whom the Yasna service – the primary act of worship – is directed. (see Ab-Zohr). "To this day reverence for water is deeply ingrained in Zoroastrians, and in orthodox communities offerings are regularly made to the household well or nearby stream.

The shrine of Bibi Shahrbanu at royal Ray (Medea) was once dedicated to Anahita. Similarly, one of the "most beloved mountain shrines of the Zoroastrians of Yazd, set beside a living spring and a great confluence of water-courses, is devoted to Banu-Pars, "the Lady of Persia"

The Armenian cult of Anahit, as well as the pre-Christian Armenian religion in general, was very closely connected to Persian Zoroastrianism, but it also had significant distinct features deriving from local pagan traditions as well as from non-Zoroastrian foreign cults. In present-day Armenia, it is remembered as part of the historical mythological heritage of the nation, and the name Anahid is a popular female given name. In 1997, the Central Bank of Armenia issued a commemorative gold coin with an image of the divinity Anahita.

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