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India Begat Egypt

Tracing our ancient origins

In the first of the BBC programs on the history of Egypt narrated by Bettany Hughes, the film opens with her describing a large block of what looked like just a big block of sandstone. Bethany describes as rock as an original depiction of a bull created around 5000 BC. This is at the time when the Sahara was beginning to dry out a second time, previously it had dried around 8000 BC so that time (by thousand BC) the Kiffian people may have migrated to the Nile Valley and mixed (or been absorbed into) with the more dominant African culture prevalent through Sudan and Ethiopia.

For me one of the most intriguing questions is the significance of cattle? According to modern archaeologists the Indus Valley civilisation was likewise just beginning in 5000 BC yet there are many pre-IVC sites being discovered featuring a similar level of technology indicating continuity. As yet there are no well thought out ideas about the relationship between the Indus Valley culture and the Hindu civilisation that spawned the epic battle in the Mahabharata, the death of Lord Krishna in 3102 BC. and the commencement of the Kali yuga. Yet it is clear that there was widespread travel, communication and trade along was referred to as the Silk Road across Eurasia from at least 30,000 BC although there are artefacts found in different countries predating this time.

We know that around 5000 BC a road was constructed from central Persia to Anatolia with a branch road to what would become Alexandria. What is today the Suez Canal 5000 years ago was a fairly flat stretch of perhaps grassland or semi-desert over which ships and goods were transported, perhaps pulled by oxen or horses.

During this period from 5000 to 3000 BC we have a move toward a patriarchal society and the development of capitalism that would transform the ancient world and accelerate us to where we are today.

We know today that in India the cattle are highly revered, the cow because of its gentle and nurturing nature supports life. The milk (and typically the Indian cow gives A2 milk) which is more easily digestible than A1 from the western herds is consumed as is or turned into yoghurt and cheeses. We don't know for how long the cow has been supporting human life but perhaps goes back to the very beginnings of transitioning from hunter gathering to agriculture some 10 or 15,000 years back? The bull of course apart from siring the next generation is an excellent beast of burden and can be attached to a plough or a cart, and is more passive after being castrated.

So we must assume that if the Hindus had the means to tame elephants before 30,000 BC, they must've had the means to domesticate cattle thousands of years before and share that knowledge across the known world along with the tenants of Dharma.

Across the known world excluding Europe because they were still emerging from the Stone Age, we can see the stirrings of communication, natural curiosity but above all a degree of reverence for the feminine because it is the feminine that brings new life into the world and it is the feminine knows best how to nurture that new life hence ancient civilisations were peaceful.

With the spread of patriarchy and capitalism around 3000 BC, man became more arrogant, more warlike and of course the region from North Africa across to India and Central Asia was drying out. Few archaeologists and historical researchers take into account climate change which was natural but exacerbated by man.

The new patriarchal man despised the cattle and the perceived detachment to the feminine. He had money and could buy what he wanted, he divorced himself from the benign reality that was shaping civilisation and of course he became militarised so that he could take what he wanted. But to show his contempt for the softness of life, killing bills became a sport to prove manliness and we can see this in the Minoan art and modern day Spain.

So the evidence for the reverence of cattle (the Apus bull) and the matriarchal society that continued in Egypt from 5000 BC through until the time of Alexander the Greek and Ptolemy in 323 BC suggests a strong connection between Egypt and India earlier than most historians would content yet we must also look at the Egyptian god Amun:

He is the ultimate God of ancient Egypt, considered the King of Kings, the God of Kings. Some 4000 years ago Amun was adopted into the ennead (a group of nine deities in Egyptian culture) of Heliopolis where he is said to have merged with the Sun God Ra, hence the name Amun Ra.

Ra in Sanskrit means fire, gold, brightness, splendour, heat, giving, which are basically descriptions of the Sun, and Amun, which is pronounced Amana, is Sanskrit for affection, friendly disposition. Heliopolis where this adoption took place is a Sanskrit term, Heli being Sanskrit for the Sun and Polis being a corruption of Puri which is Sanskrit for city, city of the Sun.

Amun Ra is described as having blue skin and adorned with two feathers in his hair. It is said that from the feet of Amun flows the mighty river Nile and once again it reminds us of the Ganga so can we consider this as a reflection of the cultural ties between India and Egypt? The famous river which was the lifeblood of the Egyptian race is famously known as the blue Nile. In Sanskrit Nila means blue, a word used to describe Lord Shiva as Nilakantha, the blue throated one. The Kingdom of Amun Ra is Karnak, a temple complex which holds Amun, his wife Mut and son Khonsu, and in true Vedic style they form an Egyptian tri murti.

Each year in Karnak they hold the annual Opet festival where the three deities of Amun Ra, Mut and Khonsu are paraded before the public. The deities are first of all ceremoniously washed and then clothed in colourful linen and precious jewels. The Pharaoh then appears and prostrates himself before the deities who are then placed upon barques (boats). These are then carried by priests accompanied by soldiers carrying poles and flags with colourful plumes and streamers while musicians and elegant horse drawn chariots decorate and enliven the procession. For some two miles huge crowds gather and blow trumpets, sing, dance, clap, offer prayers, burn incense and celebrate the procession. Any Hindu will immediately be reminded of the Ratha Yatra festival where the three deities of Krsna, Subadra and Balaram are paraded through the town of Puri in India and once again we see cross cultural influences between two seemingly distant countries extending over thousands of years. Upon arrival at the Luxor temple the deities are rested and a few days later they return to Karnak having given their annual blessings. The whole festival lasts some 24 - 27 days while in India it lasts for 25 - 26 days.

"It is testified by Herdotus, Plato, Salon, Pythagoras, and Philostratus that the religion of Egypt proceeded from India. It is testified by Neibuhr, Valentia, Champollian and Weddington that the temples of upper Egypt are of greater antiquity than those of lower Egypt.. that consequently the religion of Egypt, according to the testimony of those monuments... came from India.. The chronicles found in the temples of Abydos and Sais and which have been transmitted by Josephus, Julius Africanus, and Eusebius, all testify that the religious system of the Egyptians proceeded from India." Greek author and philosopher Philostratus.

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