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Lord Hanuman

Hero of the Ramayana

Lord Hanuman in Hindu tradition is said to have lived sometime around 9000 years ago (7000 BC*), he is said to be the son of Anjana and Kesari, and he had a special relationship with Vayu,  the wind-god. He is also said to be an incarnation of Lord Shiva and he was an ardent devotee of Lord Rama, another hero from the same period.

Lord Rama is renowned as a king who faithfully executed his duties in the most difficult of circumstances and he was deeply appreciated. Stories have been invented about Hanuman's birth and childhood yet it is clear that he must've been a noble character who was perhaps in some way facially disfigured but instead of suffering, he became the exemplary hero of the time.

It is said that he leapt across the ocean to Sri Lanka rescuing Sita from the Demon King Ravana and performed many other heroic deeds. These are all debatable but what is clear is that he was an exemplary character and displayed heroism in the face of adversity. His character is also a legendary in stories and arts in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia and Indonesia.

Outside India, stories of Hanuman share many characteristics with the original Hindu legends, but sometimes differ. He is always heroic, brave and steadfast in his actions, but he is not celibate. He marries and has children in other cultures, as is the case in a few regional versions in India. Hanuman is stated by scholars to be the inspiration for the allegory-filled adventures of a monkey hero in the Xiyouji.

Given that the legends of Lord Hanuman have endured through the centuries, there must be some base reality and a character who fought for truth and justice. Many of our modern heroes when seen in the light of reason are despicable beyond words and those who follow them are celebrating deceit. If we are to be healthy and happy, we need to have a real hero and Lord Hanuman is one who continues to endure.

Discussion based on Valmiki's Ramayana.

In Sundara Kand, Before Hanuman goes to Lanka, he goes near a mountain (5.1.7), and expands in size (5.1.9-11), smoke and flames are emitted (5.1.17), he travels with the speed of wind (5.1.39), without any physical exertion (5.1.43), moving in the direction of the wind (5.1.58). It is also well known that he is the son of Vayu (Wind God).

These lead me to make the hypothesis of some kind of a hot air balloon that was used by Hanuman. The expansion, flames, moving with the wind, and no physical exertion during flight seem to corroborate well with the hot air balloon theory. I could not find any references regarding this online and wanted to share this with you all to get your inputs and feedback. Thank you and kind regards Ajay Bharath.

Hanuman Chalisa

रचन: तुलसी दास्

दोहा
श्री गुरु चरण सरोज रज निजमन मुकुर सुधारि ।
वरणौ रघुवर विमलयश जो दायक फलचारि ॥
बुद्धिहीन तनुजानिकै सुमिरौ पवन कुमार ।
बल बुद्धि विद्या देहु मोहि हरहु कलेश विकार् ॥

ध्यानम्
गोष्पदीकृत वाराशिं मशकीकृत राक्षसम् ।
रामायण महामाला रत्नं वन्दे अनिलात्मजम् ॥
यत्र यत्र रघुनाथ कीर्तनं तत्र तत्र कृतमस्तकाञ्जलिम् ।
भाष्पवारि परिपूर्ण लोचनं मारुतिं नमत राक्षसान्तकम् ॥

चौपाई
जय हनुमान ज्ञान गुण सागर ।
जय कपीश तिहु लोक उजागर ॥ 1 ॥

रामदूत अतुलित बलधामा ।
अञ्जनि पुत्र पवनसुत नामा ॥ 2 ॥

महावीर विक्रम बजरङ्गी ।
कुमति निवार सुमति के सङ्गी ॥3 ॥

कञ्चन वरण विराज सुवेशा ।
कानन कुण्डल कुञ्चित केशा ॥ 4 ॥

हाथवज्र औ ध्वजा विराजै ।
कान्थे मूञ्ज जनेवू साजै ॥ 5॥

शङ्कर सुवन केसरी नन्दन ।
तेज प्रताप महाजग वन्दन ॥ 6 ॥

विद्यावान गुणी अति चातुर ।
राम काज करिवे को आतुर ॥ 7 ॥

प्रभु चरित्र सुनिवे को रसिया ।
रामलखन सीता मन बसिया ॥ 8॥

सूक्ष्म रूपधरि सियहि दिखावा ।
विकट रूपधरि लङ्क जरावा ॥ 9 ॥

भीम रूपधरि असुर संहारे ।
रामचन्द्र के काज संवारे ॥ 10 ॥

लाय सञ्जीवन लखन जियाये ।
श्री रघुवीर हरषि उरलाये ॥ 11 ॥

रघुपति कीन्ही बहुत बडायी ।
तुम मम प्रिय भरतहि सम भायी ॥ 12 ॥

सहस वदन तुम्हरो यशगावै ।
अस कहि श्रीपति कण्ठ लगावै ॥ 13 ॥

सनकादिक ब्रह्मादि मुनीशा ।
नारद शारद सहित अहीशा ॥ 14 ॥

यम कुबेर दिगपाल जहां ते ।
कवि कोविद कहि सके कहां ते ॥ 15 ॥

तुम उपकार सुग्रीवहि कीन्हा ।
राम मिलाय राजपद दीन्हा ॥ 16 ॥

तुम्हरो मन्त्र विभीषण माना ।
लङ्केश्वर भये सब जग जाना ॥ 17 ॥

युग सहस्र योजन पर भानू ।
लील्यो ताहि मधुर फल जानू ॥ 18 ॥

प्रभु मुद्रिका मेलि मुख माही ।
जलधि लाङ्घि गये अचरज नाही ॥ 19 ॥

दुर्गम काज जगत के जेते ।
सुगम अनुग्रह तुम्हरे तेते ॥ 20 ॥

राम दुआरे तुम रखवारे ।
होत न आज्ञा बिनु पैसारे ॥ 21 ॥

सब सुख लहै तुम्हारी शरणा ।
तुम रक्षक काहू को डर ना ॥ 22 ॥

आपन तेज तुम्हारो आपै ।
तीनों लोक हाङ्क ते काम्पै ॥ 23 ॥

भूत पिशाच निकट नहि आवै ।
महवीर जब नाम सुनावै ॥ 24 ॥

नासै रोग हरै सब पीरा ।
जपत निरन्तर हनुमत वीरा ॥ 25 ॥

सङ्कट सें हनुमान छुडावै ।
मन क्रम वचन ध्यान जो लावै ॥ 26 ॥

सब पर राम तपस्वी राजा ।
तिनके काज सकल तुम साजा ॥ 27 ॥

और मनोरध जो कोयि लावै ।
तासु अमित जीवन फल पावै ॥ 28 ॥

चारो युग परिताप तुम्हारा ।
है परसिद्ध जगत उजियारा ॥ 29 ॥

साधु सन्त के तुम रखवारे ।
असुर निकन्दन राम दुलारे ॥ 30 ॥

अष्ठसिद्धि नव निधि के दाता ।
अस वर दीन्ह जानकी माता ॥ 31 ॥

राम रसायन तुम्हारे पासा ।
साद रहो रघुपति के दासा ॥ 32 ॥

तुम्हरे भजन रामको पावै ।
जन्म जन्म के दुख बिसरावै ॥ 33 ॥

अन्त काल रघुवर पुरजायी ।
जहां जन्म हरिभक्त कहायी ॥ 34 ॥

और देवता चित्त न धरयी ।
हनुमत सेयि सर्व सुख करयी ॥ 35 ॥

सङ्कट कटै मिटै सब पीरा ।
जो सुमिरै हनुमत बल वीरा ॥ 36 ॥

जै जै जै हनुमान गोसायी ।
कृपा करो गुरुदेव की नायी ॥ 37 ॥

जो शत वार पाठ कर कोयी ।
छूटहि बन्दि महा सुख होयी ॥ 38 ॥

जो यह पडै हनुमान चालीसा ।
होय सिद्धि साखी गौरीशा ॥ 39 ॥

तुलसीदास सदा हरि चेरा ।
कीजै नाथ हृदय मह डेरा ॥ 40 ॥

दोहा
पवन तनय सङ्कट हरण – मङ्गल मूरति रूप् ।
राम लखन सीता सहित – हृदय बसहु सुरभूप् ॥
सियावर रामचन्द्रकी जय । पवनसुत हनुमानकी जय । बोलो भायी सब सन्तनकी जय ।

English translation

Having polished the mirror of my heart
with the dust of my Guru's lotus feet,
I sing the pure fame of the best of the Raghus,
which bestows the four fruits of life.
Knowing this body to be devoid of intelligence,
I recall the Son of the Wind.
Grant me strength, wit, and wisdom,
and remove my sorrows and shortcomings.1.Victory to Hanuman, ocean of wisdom and virtue,
Hail Monkey Lord, Illuminati of the three worlds.2.Ram's emissary, abode of matchless power,
Anjani's son, named "Son of the Wind."3. Great hero, mighty as a thunderbolt,
remover of evil thoughts and companion to the good.

4. Golden-hued and splendidly adorned,
with heavy earrings and curly locks.

5. In your hands shine mace and banner,
a sacred thread of munja grass adorns your shoulder.

6. You are Shiva's son and Kesari's joy,
your glory is revered throughout the world.

7. Supremely wise, virtuous, and clever,
you are ever intent on Ram's work.

8. You delight in hearing of the Lord's deeds,
Ram, Lakshman, and Sita dwell in your heart.

9. Assuming tiny form you appeared to Sita,
and in awesome guise you burned Lanka.

10. Taking dreadful form you slaughtered demons
and completed Lord Ram's mission.

11. Bringing the magic herb, you revived Lakshman,
and Ram embraced you with delight.

12. Greatly did the Raghu Lord praise you -
"Brother, you're as dear to me as Bharat!"

13. "May the thousand-mouthed serpent sing your fame!"
So saying, Shri's Lord drew you to Himself.

14. Sanak and the sages, Brahma, gods, and great saints,
Narada, Sarasvati, and the king of serpents,

15. Yama, Kubera, and the rulers of the eight directions,
poets and scholars - none can express your glory.

16. You rendered great service to Sugriva,
presenting him to Ram, you gave him kingship.

17. Vibhishana heeded your counsel
and became Lord of Lanka, as all the world knows.

18. Though the sun is thousands of miles away,
you swallowed it, thinking it a sweet fruit.

19. Holding the Lord's ring in your mouth,
it's no surprise you leapt the ocean.

20. Every arduous task in this world becomes easy by your grace.

21. You are the guardian of Ram's door,
none enters without your leave.

22. Taking refuge in you one finds all delight,
those you protect know no fear.

23. You alone can withstand your own splendor,
the three worlds tremble at your roar.

24. Ghosts and goblins cannot come near,
Great Hero, when your name is uttered.

25. All disease and pain is eradicated,
brave Hanuman, by constant repetition of your name.

26. Hanuman releases from affliction
those who remember him in thought, word, and deed.

27. Ram the renunciant reigns over all -
you carry out his every task.

28. One who brings any yearning to you
obtains the fruit of abundant life.

29. Your splendor fills the four ages,
Your glory is famed throughout the world.

30. You are the guardian of saints and sages,
the destroyer of demons, the darling of Ram.

31. You grant the eight powers and nine treasures
by the boon you received from Mother Janaki.

32. You hold the elixir of Ram's name
and remain eternally His servant.

33. Singing your praise, one finds Ram
and escapes the sorrows of countless lives.

34. At death, one goes to Ram's own city
or is born on earth as God's devotee.

35. Give no thought to any other deity -
worshipping Hanuman, one gains all delight.

36. All affliction ceases, all pain is removed,
by remembering the mighty hero, Hanuman.

37. Victory, victory, victory to Lord Hanuman!
Be merciful even as is the Divine Master.

38. Whoever recites this a hundred times
is released from bondage and gains bliss.

39. One who reads this Hanuman Chalisa
gains success - Gauri's Lord bears witness.

40. Says Tulsidas, Hari's constant servant,

"Lord, make your encampment in my heart."
Son of the Wind, banisher of sorrow and embodiment
of blessing,  dwell in my heart, King of Gods,
together with Ram, Lakshman, and Sita.
Hail the refuge of the feet of Sita's
bridegroom, Ramachandra.

* New research by Nilesh Oak using astro-archaeology puts the Ramayana back to 14000 BC while anti Hindu propagandists place him between 1500 BC and 300 CE. During pre sea level rise, 7000 BC, Sri Lanka was not separated by the  the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait.

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