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Mohenjo Daro

Secrets emerging from the dust

Mohenjo Daro and Harrappa  are the focal cities for research into the Indus Valley civilisation yet they are only two of hundreds of cities. But by focusing on these two instances we must ask if archaeologists and researchers are missing some vital information?

There are other towns like Rakhigarhi (Rakhi Garhi) much closer to present-day Delhi.

One agreed-upon factor by most researchers is that the Indus Valley people were peaceful, town walls were to keep out herds of wandering elephants and no doubt lions while providing a degree of collective comfort during the hours of darkness.

Another partially agreed factor is that over the past 30,000 years, is that people have been travelling, communicating and trading with each other from North Africa to Greece and all the way across Asia to the Pacific coasts where other legends tell of Hindu/Tamil expeditions to the Americas. We have the settlement that Gobeki Tepe dated at 9000 BC, Persia is a regional power centre at 5000 BC and we're not quite sure when Bactra (Bactria) evolved in northern Afghanistan although we know it along with the Persian Empire was destroyed by the Greeks along with that arch enemy of man, climate change and in this case desertification.

"Indus Civilization of 2500 BC had cotton and  traded internationally. Indus made beads were sought after in Egypt." ~ ggu.edu

In this modern era we find Hindus frantically searching for cohesion in regard to their ancient culture and becoming astounded by the stretch and significance of their history. Likewise the Europeans who are doubting the stability and integrity of democratic capitalism are also seeking their history and discovering that the history of civilisation itself originates in Bharat - Greater India or Hindustan.

Greater India in my understanding covered most of India or perhaps we should say that Sanatana Dharma was the guiding principle of life keeping people connected, peaceable and healthy. In this fanciful video which attempts to demonstrate facets of IVC life, missing are the yogis, the wise men and the Gurukul schools.

We know that before the time of the Greek invasion across Persia, the Greeks went to India to become properly educated taking back the ideas of democracy, science and medicine which were taken and interpreted differently by the Romans.

Mohenjo Daro is believed by many to have been built at the time of the pyramids, centuries before the Roman Baths, and was the largest city of the Indus Civilization. Another aspect of dating is the underwater city of Dwarka implying that the Indian continental shelf was occupied prior to 8000 BC giving a reasonable excuse to push the IVC date further back although researchers are now digging up what they describe as pre-IVC settlements.

"Although the Indus/Harappa Civilization script is not yet fully deciphered, it strongly appears that the language of the script is a type of ancient Sanskrit." ~ ggu.edu

How the IVC fits in with the narrative of the Mahabharata no one seems to know. Given the turmoil of the Mahabharata period the IVC could represent an aversion to war and conflict creating a new peaceful social contract?

There is little public discussion on the economics of the Indus civilisation. Various seals have been interpreted as payment tokens and as far as we know the first coins were minted around 3000 BC and Persia which have yet to be found in the IVC.

We have learned they had accurate weights and measures, granaries and storehouses implying a good system of bureaucracy and administration with communities created and supported to extract resources. Were there individual or collective payments and how did this fit in with trade from other regions as there was contact between Greece and Rome at least by around 1000 BC?Would there have been people sitting beside the street selling their wares or their produce a would they have given as the sun gives us warmth or the flower gives its essence?

Another point that we know which is not much discussed in archaeological academia is that some 14,000 years back knowledge regarding the technology of being human was transmitted and this continues to shape ideas in regard to Dharma and how we should live: that is peacefully, productively and joyfully.

Harappa.com
Indus Valley Civilisation by Jane McIntosh
BBC Indus Valley civilisation may pre-date Egypt's pharoahs

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