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Mysterious Australia

Links to Egypt, India and Space

Published on: 23 Sep 2016, updated May 27 2018

A collection of news clippings on the antiquity and technology of Australia. Visitors from India and Egypt 5000 years ago. Their own stonehenge conveniently destroyed (along with the bulk of the indigenous population).

Migrants from India settled in Australia 4,000 years ago

Australia was settled by a wave of immigrants from India little more than 4,000 years ago, a genetic study shows. The finding overturns the view that the continent was isolated from the time it was first colonised about 45,000-50,000 years ago until Europeans discovered Australia in the eighteenth century. DNA evidence suggests that rather than complete most of the journey over several generations by foot, the Indian migrants came over by boat.

Australia’s first human colonisation was believed to be the culmination of the long walk out of Africa by the human species. The theory that humans left Africa, via the Arabian coast and through India before reaching Indonesia and New Guinea and finally over an ancient land bridge to Australia is losing credibility in favour of and out of India pattern emerging. Following their arrival there was, according to ‘the prevailing view’, little if any contact between Australia’s Aboriginal inhabitants and the rest of the world.

"Dr Raghavendra Rao from the Anthropological Survey of India, says that DNA evidence linking Indian tribes to Australian Aboriginal people points to the fact that humans arrived in Australia via a southern coastal route through India. His team used computer programs to predict that a common ancestor existed, between the Indian population and Aboriginal Australians, up to 50,000 years ago." Vedic Cafe 

But DNA evidence has now revealed a second wave of human settlement took place about 4,230 years ago, long before the first European settled there. Australia was first seen by a European in 1606 when it was sighted from a ship and a further 53 vessels arrived before Captain James Cook arrived in 1770 to claim it for Britain. Analysis of DNA samples from Aboriginal people living in the Northern Territories of Australia today shows that they have up to 11 per cent of their genetic heritage is Indian. The new settlers came from India and the lack of their DNA in other parts of Asia suggests they sailed directly across the Indian Ocean rather than work their way towards Australia by foot.

Aboriginal Australian archaeology findings prompt rethinking of the “Out of Africa” theory, Jan 20, 2018 Bruce Fenton

Intriguingly, their arrival corresponds to evidence in the archaeological record that shows dingos reached Australia about the same time, suggesting they may have been transported by boat by the human settlers. Dr Irina Pugach, of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, said the international research team calculated that the Indian DNA reached the Aboriginal population 141 generations ago. Assuming that each generation is separated on average by 30 years the geneticists were able to conclude that the Indian population arrived on in Australia 4230 years ago.

‘Interestingly this date also coincides with many changes in the archaeological record of Australia, which include a sudden change in plant processing and stone tool technologies, with microliths appearing for the first time, and the first appearance of the dingo in the fossil record,’ she said. ‘Since we detect inflow of genes from India into Australia at around the same time, it is likely that these changes were related to this migration.’

Mark Stoneking, a geneticist at the Max Planck Institute, led the study and told Nature magazine: ‘Australia is thought to represent one of the earliest migrations for humans after they left Africa, but it seemed pretty isolated after that.’ DNA from 344 people was analysed for the study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Samples were taken from people in Papua New Guinea, South East Asia, China, the US and Australia’s Northern Territory.

"Aboriginal settlement in Australia was no accident but the result of large-scale migration by skilled maritime explorers, research shows. The study - by experts from the CSIRO and various universities - also used genetic information to show hundreds of people, not just a few, likely made the voyage from Timor via many islands in the shallow sea." SBS

Australian Stonehenge

New South Wales teacher Richard Patterson came across letters referencing the rock formation written by the late Australian journalist Frederic Slater while he working for the Brunswick Valley Historical Society. Slater's research had not been spoken about since the site was ordered to be knocked down in 1940 by a farmer who owned the land where the formation sat. But a father and son duo have used Slater's letters to find the site about 40km away from Mullumbimby in northern NSW, and they say the discovery suggests language actually originated in Australia.

In his letters, Slater - who was the president of the Australian Archaeological Society in the 1930s - detailed the location of 'Australia's Stonehenge'. The farmer whose land the rock formation sat on feared he would lose his livelihood, and in 1940 tasked his then 15-year-old son with destroying the 'sacred site'.

Father and son writers Steven and Evan Strong have delved further into the story of the potentially history-altering phenomenon on their website, Forgotten Origin, but refused to reveal the exact location of the rock formation due to fears of vandalism. Steven and his son, Evan, now possess the 16 letters written by Slater to his colleague about the 'Stonehenge' and claim the site was known throughout the country.

Father and son writers Steven and Evan Strong have delved further into the story of the potentially history-altering phenomenon on their website, Forgotten Origin, but refused to reveal the exact location of the rock formation due to fears of vandalism. Steven and his son, Evan, now possess the 16 letters written by Slater to his colleague about the 'Stonehenge' and claim the site was known throughout the country.

Slater believed the 'mound' where the 185 stones had originally stood was 'the oldest form of temple in the world'. The stones featured carved symbols and he was in no doubt all languages had roots in Australia. 'The language which we speak today is not Anglo-Saxon, but just Aboriginal,' Slater wrote, according to the father and son.

Steven told Daily Mail Australia the formation was widely considered blessed ground.
'We know of people walking thousands of kilometres to do special ceremonies at this site,' he said.
The writer said Slater's findings had been buried and not much talked about as his views on society were not widely supported back in the 1930s and 1940s.
'There are so many things about this site that did not [align] with the picture of what [people thought] at this time,' Steven said.
'[Slater] talked about the beginning of time and humanity starting in Australia and language beginning here. He was working on the first language.
'He was a working on dictionary. He said he was up to 28,000 words in his letters.'
The Strongs explain Slater's interpretation of the first language further on the Forgotten Origin website.

'This formalised method of communication was made up of numbers, hand signs, stone arrangements, elements, trees, letter sounds, animal shapes, et cetera,' they wrote.
'The intricate combination of all manner of apparently unrelated themes and disciplines creating a seamless blend into one formal script, is in contradiction to the expected rudimentary linguistic starting point, and calls into question many assumptions relating to human ascension and development.'

But Steven said it was not only the 'Stonehenge' site he and his son had uncovered but eight others, including one just 50m away that was 70m by 5m in size.
The Strongs and Mr Patterson have drawn up maps and impressions of what the formation would have looked like, even drawing from maps that were sketched four months before it was destroyed.
'They [the rocks] have fallen about four places down the hill. We have the map each of the stones of where they are placed,' Steven said.

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austnhng

Indigenous Australians most ancient civilisation on Earth

Clues left in genes of modern populations in Australian and Papua New Guinea enable scientists to trace remarkable journey made by first human explorers

Claims that Indigenous Australians are the most ancient continuous civilisation on Earth have been backed by the first extensive study of their DNA, which dates their origins to more than 50,000 years ago.

Scientists were able to trace the remarkable journey made by intrepid ancient humans by sifting through clues left in the DNA of modern populations in Australia and Papua New Guinea. The analysis shows that their ancestors were probably the first humans to cross an ocean, and reveals evidence of prehistoric liaisons with an unknown hominin cousin.

Evidence of 9,000-year-old stone houses found on Australian island - Read more below.

Prof Eske Willerslev, an evolutionary geneticist who led the work at the University of Copenhagen, said: “This story has been missing for a long time in science. Now we know their relatives are the guys who were the first real human explorers. Our ancestors were sitting being kind of scared of the world while they set out on this exceptional journey across Asia and across the sea.”

The findings appear in one of four major human origins papers published in Nature this week, which together give an unprecedented insight into how humans first migrated out of the African continent, splintered into distinct populations and spread across the globe.

Willerslev’s findings, based on a new population analysis of 83 Indigenous Australians and 25 Papuans, shows that these groups can trace their origins back to the very first arrivals on the continent about 50,000 years ago and that they remained almost entirely isolated until around 4,000 years ago. “They are probably the oldest group in the world that you can link to one particular place,” said Willerslev.

En route to Australia, early humans would have encountered a motley assortment of other roving hominin species, including an unknown human relative who has now been shown to have contributed around 4% to the Indigenous Australian genome. Previously, scientists have discovered that prehistoric couplings have left all non-Africans today carrying 1-6% of Neanderthal DNA.

Willerslev said the latest findings added to the view that Neanderthals and other now extinct hominins, traditionally portrayed as low-browed prehistoric thugs, were “in reality not particularly different” from our own ancestors.

Adding to this picture, a second study found that the advent of modern human behaviours around 100,000 years ago, indicated by cave art and more sophisticated tools, does not appear to have been accompanied by any notable genetic mutations.

“Your genome contains the history of every ancestor you ever had,” said Swapan Mallick, a geneticist at Havard Medical School who led the analysis of the genomes of people from 142 distinct populations.

The study also suggests that the KhoeSan (bushmen) and Mbuti (central African pygmies) populations appear to have split off from other early humans sooner than this, again suggesting that there was no intrinsic biological change that suddenly triggered human culture.

“There is no evidence for a magic mutation that made us human,” said Willerslev.

Chris Stringer, head of human origins at the Natural History Museum in London, said the findings would be controversial in the field, adding: “It either means that the behaviours were developed earlier, they developed these behaviours independently, they acquired them through exchanges of ideas with other groups, or the estimated split times are too old.”
Ya pulingina. Bringing these words to life is an extension of our identity.

Willerslev’s study also resolves the apparent discrepancy between genetic findings implying that Indigenous populations have been in Australia for tens of thousands of years and the fact that the languages spoken by these populations are only around 4,000 years old. “You see a movement of people spreading across the continent and leaving signatures across the continent,” said Willerslev. “That is the time that this new language has spread. It’s a tiny genetic signature. It’s almost like two guys entering a village and saying ‘guys, now we have to speak another language and use another stone tool and they have a little bit of sex in that village and then they disappear again.”

Aubrey Lynch, an Indigenous elder from the Goldfields area, said: “This study confirms our beliefs that we have ancient connections to our lands and have been here far longer than anyone else.”

Source

Stone houses have just been found off the coast of Australia - and they’re 9,000 years old
The oldest in Australia.
JACINTA BOWLER 6 SEP 2016

Archaeologists working on the Dampier Archipelago, just off the West Australian coast, have found evidence of stone houses dated to shortly after the last ice age, between 8,000 and 9,000 years ago - making them the oldest houses in Australia.

The Dampier Archipelago is a group of 42 islands, and on one of the islands, the team uncovered knee-high rock walls.

"Excavations on Rosemary Island, one of the outer islands, have uncovered evidence of one of the earliest known domestic structures in Australia, dated between 8,000 and 9,000 years ago," said lead researcher Jo McDonald, from the University of Western Australia.

"This is an astounding find and has not only enormous scientific significance, but will be of great benefit to Aboriginal communities in the area, enhancing their connections to their deep past and cultural heritage."

The researchers suggest that the structures’ inhabitants used branches or other plant material to make the roofs. The houses are also quite sophisticated, with multiple ‘rooms’.

"Inside the houses you have separate areas - it could have been a sleeping area and a working area. There is evidence of people grinding seeds on the rock floors inside the houses as well as shell food remains," McDonald told Paige Taylor from The Australian.

"We don’t really know what they were used for as these types of structures were not used in the historic periods."

This particular structure should help researchers to investigate how Aboriginal groups lived after the ice age – a time where sea levels rose 130 metres, at a rate of 1 metre every five to 10 years. This would have eventually cut the Archipelago islands off from the mainland.

"We assume they were a way of marking out social space for groups living close together as the sea level rose after the ice age, pushing groups inland into smaller territories," says McDonald.

"While these people were hunter gatherers, these structures suggest people were developing social strategies to be more sedentary, to cope with environmental change."

The team discovered the houses back in 2014, but they have only recently been dated using shells of edible mangrove gastropods found inside.

Although the researchers haven’t yet published a paper, so we can't get too excited until then, there should be more information released as the team find it, and they will hopefully publish a paper in the next few months.

Murujuga, which includes the islands and the nearby Burrup peninsula, are also hugely culturally important to the Aboriginal people in the area, and important for researchers trying to understand the past. A number of interest groups are pushing for Murujuga to become World Heritage listed.

"As well as containing more than one million rock engravings of great scientific and cultural significance, the Archipelago is home to one of the country’s largest industrial ports," McDonald said in a statement today.

She says that research from the last 12 months indicates that there was human occupation in the area dating back 21,000 years, even before the last ice age.

Just 100 km west, on Barrow Island, researchers have also found evidence of human occupation dating back 50,000 years.

According to McDonald, although there are similar structures around Australia, the houses on Rosemary Island are the oldest found.

We hope this valuable area will be protected for many years to come.

Source

Hieroglyphics Experts Declare Ancient Egyptian Carvings in Australia to be AUTHENTIC

According to research, these hieroglyphs were first sighted in the 1900’s and there are about 250 stone carvings that have been part of the local folklore of the area for over a century, so it’s not something that has been discovered recently. Media coverage of the discovery has been minimal, which is when you think about it a good thing, preserving this incredible ancient site that can rewrite history books, that is if the discovery was authentic and not a hoax.

These alleged hieroglyphs called Kariong Hieroglyphs due to the fact they are located in the Brisbane Water National Park, Kariong or Gosford Glyphs due to the nearby community of Gosford are located in the New South Wales in Australia.

According to local residents that have had the opportunity to see and study these hieroglyphs, they seem to be extremely ancient, written in the archaic style of the early dynasties, a style that has been studied very little and is untranslatable by most Egyptologists who have learned to read Middle Egyptian upward. According to the information provided to us, there is only a handful of people on Earth who can actually read and translate this early writing system, making them seem even more valuable to history. But there is another side to this story. According to several archeologists and researchers, the Gosford Glyphs at Kariong are modern day forgeries that have nothing to do with ancient Egypt. According to the researchers that support the hoax theory, studies undertaken by the NPWS and Macquarie University in 1983 found that the carvings were only a bad amateur attempt at creating some Egyptian engravings, to make things even more mysterious according to the research there were even attempts at making underground chambers during the mid 90’s and there is even evidence documented by the NPWS who found stockpiled materials on site.

An archaeologist named Ray Johnson ( we couldn’t find much or anything about him) had supposedly translated the ancient texts for the Museum of Antiquities in Cairo and was successful in documenting and translating the two facing walls of Egyptian characters – which proved they are from the Third Dynasty. The translation tells the story of a tragic saga of ancient Egyptian explorers that shipwrecked in a strange and hostile land, the death of their royal leader, “Lord Djes-eb”. A group of three framed clusters of glyphs record the name of “Ra-Jedef” as reigning King of the Upper and Lower Nile, son of “Khufu” who is son of the King “Sneferu“.

According to the researchers that support this theory these archaic styles contain an early form of hieroglyphics and are authentic, correlating with archaic Phoenician and Sumerian writing, and according to several other websites, researchers from universities that have looked at these symbols may have perceived them as forgeries not knowing their true value.

Professor Nageeb Kanawiati of the Department of Egyptology had the opportunity to examine the photographs taken by the NPWS in 1983. He states that while some of the work did have Egyptian symbols, the hieroglyphs made no sense at all, as they were merely a collection of Egyptian words and symbols done by amateurs. In 2012 Associate Professor Boyo Ockinga from the Macquarie University’s school of ancient history remarked ” I saw them a few years ago ; there aren’t any connected texts that make any sense at all ” ” People just don’t want to believe they are fake; they want this connection with ancient Egypt to be true, but, unfortunately, it’s not ” Australian Egyptologist Dr. Gregory P Gilbert looked at images of the Kariong Hieroglyphs in 1998. Dr. Gilbert stated: “I recognize these photographs as being from an Australian rock depiction which supposedly has evidence of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs. I believe that the inscription is a modern forgery, and not a good one at that. As far as a translation is concerned , the inscription has several features which were copied from several ” modern ” publications of Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphs , however the greater part of the inscription cannot be translated as it is nothing more than a collection hieroglyphs that do not form words or phrases”.

Where this story looses perhaps most of its credibility is when Alan Dash, an  ex Gosford Council survey found the site around 1975, when he noticed someone emerging from a hole in the cliff. At that moment, Alan was in the area measuring for a water easement. He decided to enter inside the cliff edge and emerged into the cleft and numerous freshly cut Egyptian like symbols on the rock. He visited the same area again half a year later when he noticed newly carved symbols on the walls. You can see the images taken by jack Green in 1983 here.

From these accounts, we note a very skeptical approach towards the Kariong Hieroglyphs. Acknowledged researchers have come to the conclusion that these glyphs are a modern day forgery of ancient glyphs, but most of them make no sense at all. There is little if not evidence at all that supports the story that Ancient Egyptian sailors set out on a journey and ended up in Australia. Even though I’d love for this story to be authentic, I feel very skeptical and disappointed knowing that some individuals will go long distances to prove these glyphs are authentic work of Ancient Egyptians. And as Vladimir Lenin would say, “A lie told often enough becomes the truth”. Until actual evidence is brought forward, supporting the theory that these glyphs are real there is little we can say about them. Most of us would probably want these to be real but I believe that it will take more research and more interest to come to  a conclusion if these glyphs are real, or just a modern day forgery.

Ranger Laurie Pasco summarized the research of the Kariong Hieroglyphs in a letter dated May 17th, 2011,  that the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service is officially on record as stating that the Gosford glyphs are a hoax.

Hindu DNA in Australia BBC

Links:
1. Ancient Hindu Mariners and Australian Gold
2. Gympie Research
3. Indian Migrants in Australia 4000 years ago
4. Holocene Genome Data substantiates gene flow from India to Australia
5. Ancient Migration Gene's link Australia with India*

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