Zika virus

The ‘new’ fear and concern for the Rio Olympics

The mosquito that spreads Zika Virus, Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, Japanese Encephalitis and West Nile Virus.

Zika virus has headlined in the news (January 2016) and it’s being blamed for spreading Microcephaly, a birth defect occurring in thousands of newborn children particularly in Brazil. Although Zika virus is not a killer, it provokes an emotional reaction because the associated spread of Microcephaly affects our ability to reproduce.

“While zika seems to be spreading in the wild, it is also a registered – patented organism that can be purchased by almost anyone, so why has the issue of patent ownership of the Zika virus not been the object of media

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Cloacal Exstrophy

A rare birth defect

Cloacal Exstrophy* is a rare birth defect involving the pelvic area that is termed a malformation sequence and involves the cloaca** and occurs once in every 250000 births. While it can affect girls or boys, in boys, they are typically born without a penis and/or other defects.

This can be so severe that it usually makes adequate reconstruction of the male genitalia difficult if not impossible, and gender reassignment has been performed over the past few decades with many boys born without a penis being converted surgically into females soon after birth. Their diminished phalluses were removed and reconstructed as vaginas; their parents encouraged to raise them as girls, but this has had unfortunate psychological consequences.

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