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Persia - Iran

Persia, The Islamic Republic of Iran

Until the arrival of Islam, Persia was famed over the known world for it’s modern and rich civilisation. Its roots can be traced back to 7000 BC but it’s widely accepted that the region was first unified under proto-Elamite and Elamite kingdoms in 3200–2800 BCE.

Modern historians prefer to say that Medes unified the country in 625 BCE, after which it became the dominant cultural and political power in the region comprising the Anatolia, the Bosphorus, Egypt to the borders of Ancient India and the Syr Darya in the east, and from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe in the north to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the south.

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