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Tamil Nadu

A Great Southern Land

Tamil Nadu is one of India's 28 states located in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula. Its capital and largest city once named Madras is now called Chennai which is well connected by air to Australia, Singapore and other international destinations.

tmple

There are many ancient temples in Tamil Nadu, some of the most famous are in Madurai built to commemorate the ocean rise at the end of the ice age. Indian temples are not places of prayer, they are power places to help raise the human spirit.

Geographically Tamil Nadu is bound by the Eastern Ghats in the north, the Nilgiri hills, the Anamalai Hills and Palakkad in the west. The Bay of Bengal is to the east, the Gulf of Mannar (the Arabian Sea), the Palk Strait in the south east, and by the Indian Ocean in the south.

Politically Tamil Nadu is bordered by the union territory of Pondicherry, and the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh with Sri Lanka a sort flight away.

Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state by area and the seventh most populous state in India with a population share of about 6%. The state has the highest number of business enterprises and is the countries second highest employer.

For the visitor, there is so much to see that it is impossible to take it all in. A popular journey is to arrive in Chennai and travel south through the temple cities. Then as time permits travel north through Kerala.

For the spiritual and conscious, no trip to South India would be complete without visiting Auroville which can be accessed by bicycle from Chennai. A new and wonderful spiritual dimension has opened to the west of Coimbatore where the spirit here is so strong you may never want to leave.

History

Officially it is taught that the region has been the home of the Tamil people since at least 500 BCE. Its official language Tamil has been in use in inscriptions and literature for over 2000 years.

However, the discovery of ancient cities off the coast of India point toward another and even more ancient story. It has been suggested that the people of Tamil Nadu are the survivors from the land of Mu, or Lemuria, a continent that linked South India to Africa and Australia. There is some intriguing evidence to support this theory as well as ancient myths and legends that are recorded within South Indian culture.

For anyone interested in history and the origins of mankind, there are fascinating stories to be uncovered. If the hypothesis is correct, this would put an advanced civilisation here around 12,000 BC. South Indian history tells us that Indian builders constructed the temples at Angkor Wat and Angkor Tom. Modern archaeologist Alice that these were constructed in the past few thousand years, however the celestial alignment of these structures dates to construction to 10,500 BC, a date consistent with the celestial alignment of the Egyptian pyramids and other heritage structures around the world.

Environment

Tamil Nadu is home to many natural resources, Hindu temples of Dravidian architecture, hill stations, beach resorts, multi-religious pilgrimage sites and the Nilgiri Mountains part of the Western Ghats which is the oldest mountain range in the world.

Going to the beach? 

Bikinis for women and swimming trunks for men are okay in tourist places, but everywhere else you'll see that the Indian women especially will splash in the ocean fully dressed such is their modesty.

Even in the cities, miniskirts and singlets that leaves one's shoulders exposed is seen by many South Indians as offensive. It is an interesting contrast for women as it is perfectly fine to have one's belly uncovered. If you are travelling in India, every woman must at least try on a sari.

Auroville

Also called the City of Dawn, Auroville is an experimental township in Viluppuram district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, near Puducherry in South India. It was founded in 1968 by Mirra Alfassa referred to as "The Mother".  Auroville is designed as a universal town where all may live in peace and progressive harmony. The purpose of Auroville is to realize human unity."

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's upcoming visit to Sri Lanka could breathe a new life into the over three decade old defunct ferry service between Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu and Talaimannar in the island nation.  There is also an intermittent ferry service between Tuticorin and Colombo.

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