A 75000 year history
Bhārata is the official Sanskrit name of the country we call India. The name is derived from the Puranas; ancient Indian texts refer to the land that comprises India as Bhārata varṣam, and uses this term to distinguish it from other varṣas or continents.
Scientifically the entire out of Africa theory for the populating of the world is looking more unsound as it is the Big Bang theory and the entire story of our creation. There is no doubt that evolution is a fact, however the way in which this universe, this solar system and life on earth have evolved is still a mystery.
There is evidence that India was populated 75,000 years ago and artworks dating back to 40,000 BC have been discovered. There may have been agriculture in the South of India 25,000 years ago. We have been taught that civilisation began in the Middle East between 8000 and 5000 BCE, but the facts surrounding this are not certain, especially since the discovery of Gobekle Tepe and other ancient sites.
It is becoming clearer that there was a global distribution of population from at least 30,000 years ago from India. This region including Persia, India (Hindustan) and central Asia is the home of the worlds first civilisation, the home to the sciences and real knowledge of life.
“We believe that there are now enough reasons not only to question a ‘recent Indo-Aryan invasion’ into India some 4000 BP, but alternatively to consider India as a part of the common gene pool ancestral to the diversity of human maternal lineages in Europe.” Mark the word “ancestral.” ~ Archaeology Online
There is speculation that the Dravidian languages predated Sanskrit, but we think that Sanskrit had its roots in the region we know today as northern Afghanistan. Sanskrit represented a root of Vedic culture and the other branch from that tree was Zoroastrianism.
“Language families present today in India, such as Indo-European, Dravidic and Austro-Asiatic, are all much younger than the majority of indigenous mtDNA lineages found among their present-day speakers at high frequencies. It would make it highly speculative to infer, from the extant mtDNA pools of their speakers, whether one of the listed above linguistically defined group in India should be considered more ‘autochthonous’ than any other in respect of its presence in the subcontinent.” ~ Archaeology Online
Zoroastrianism travelled west and evolved into Judaism, Christianity and Islam while the Sanskrit speaking peoples migrated south east to influence the development of what we refer to today as Hindu culture. I should point out here that because India was once called Hindustan, those people who think of themselves as Hindus today are referring to themselves as an abbreviation of Hindustanians although there were large and thinks of Hinduism as a religion.
The primary difference between East and West is that Zoroastrianism became a religion and God came to be seen are some external force to be believed and whereas in India, the idea of God was only ever an idea to be explored. From Zoroastrianism to Judaism, Christianity and Islam, the idea of God was something the population was coerced into believing whereas Vedanta was more concerned about exploring the mystery of what it is to be human.
Of special interest to researchers are the similarities between Sanskrit language and the languages of Croatia along with the discovery of artefacts of Hindu origin that have been found in many places between India and from north to south along the Atlantic coast of Europe. Some of these artefacts date back 40,000 years and one of the questions we must ask is was there once a generic culture across central Asia, a region encompassing all the territories from Mongolia, Tibet and India into Eastern Europe?
Cycling through time
The Vedic Scriptures cover long periods of history and the cycles that are referred to as 'yugas'. A yuga is a division of the 26,920 year cycle that modern science knows as axial precession.
Indian or perhaps we should say Hindu thinkers have a deep knowledge of this presessional cycle as well is general astronomy and the movement of our solar system around the Milky Way and through the cosmos.
More than 10,000 years ago, they knew the circumference of the Earth, the Sun and the Moon. They knew the speed of light and many things that our scientists are only just discovering today.
This knowing of the universe came about through the practice of the science of yoga, a spiritual process that works to create unity and inclusiveness. This is in stark contrast to Western philosophy that separates, dissects and analyses the world in isolation.
Indian culture has for thousands of years been more concerned about understanding what it is to be human, they understood that we are bioelectrical in nature and that by becoming more fully human, we have a capacity that science is still dreaming of.
Raped and pillaged
In our modern history, we have heard about the man that people call Alexander the great, he plundered Persia in revenge for Persia's attacks on Greece and destroyed civilisation more advanced than what Greece was. Alexander also attacked India as did Genghis Khan and other plunderers.
But it was a British that caused most of the trouble. At the time India was a collection of kingdoms and the wealth of these kingdoms financed the lifestyle and technology of Britain.
But within India as a was so named by the British, the Indian intelligentsia did not buy the idea of God being peddled by the missionaries. The Christians made great inroads and enforced their beliefs on many people, but as a whole the intelligence of India survived because it was inclusive.
They surrendered much of their wealth and autonomy, but that inquiring spirit that wanted to know the nature of being has continued and we see it today in the tradition of yoga which has spread around the world.
This idea of yoga that teaches us that we are in fact a part of the earth and not separate from it supports the growing numbers of people who are concerned about the damage to our planetary ecosystem.
This idea of yoga reminds us that we are responsible for our own destiny and that there is no God who is going to step in and save us, it is all up to us and we do it by working together.
I say that India is the mother country because it is India that is the seat of wisdom and knowledge of the true nature of mankind that has endured for many thousands of years. As in the world around us today, the earth that we so abuse continues to give us life as to the women of the world who are so abused through social injustice continue to smile and nurture new lives in their bellies.