Foundations of Hinduism
The ancient books referred to as the Veda's contain systemic knowledge referred to as Vedanta, it's a collection of esoteric stories to give people insight into the nature of life so that they may better live in accord with life. Vedanta also contains formula or maps with which individuals can journey in consciousness to know the absolute nature of reality.
It is more traditionally referred to as (Vedanta or Uttara Mīmāṃsā) being one of six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophy. The term veda means "knowledge" and anta means "end." Some say Vedanta originally referred to the classical Upanishads, a collection of foundational texts in Hinduism, but there's more.
Many traditions that continue today are supported by the ancient texts known as the Veda’s or Vedānta (वेदान्त), and Vedānta is often referred to as a "branch of philosophical thought."
The Veda's were compiled by Veda Vyasa who is a household name and a central figure in Indian tradition famed as being the author of the ancient epic, the Mahabharat – the longest poem ever written.
The Vedas remained an oral tradition until the time when the rich Gangetic plain was struck by a famine that lasted over 14 years. They say there was not a drop of rain in all those years. Crops dried up, and the civilization of the day wilted away. People forgot to recite the Vedas because they were busy gathering whatever food they could find. They completely forgot their traditions. When once again the rains came, and Vyasa saw the loss that had occurred to that civilization because they had lost the Vedas, he thought it is best to write them down. They were classified into four segments, called Rig Veda, Atharva Veda, Sama Veda, and Yajur Veda. This is the traditional order, not the one people use today. Even today, these four Vedas are considered to be among the greatest documents that humanity has ever created. The story of Vasaya
The deeper meaning
For perhaps tens of thousands of years people have been wondering what is life? Those people who took the time to wonder why we are here and what is the meaning learned what we now know as meditation. This is a natural instinct that we are all drawn to to a certain extent, but the ancient yogis were able to consistently experience the nature of existence.
What we know of as Vedanta is their stories describing both their experiences and how to achieve those experiences. Having realised the nature of existence's and yet perceiving the difficulty that human beings had with their lives, all the texts referred to as the Veda's also serve as guidebooks about how to live a life in accord with nature and reduce human suffering.
Philosophically, Vedānta encapsulates Eastern thought and the ideal that ‘the only constant is change’, whereas in Western philosophy, the belief that ‘there is constancy and that change can be controlled from a fixed point’ which seems so obviously incorrect.